Bamyan is the most important tourist attarction place in central Afghanistan, which translated mean as “The Place of Shining Light”. Bamyan valley situated between the parallel mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush and the Koh-i-Baba/Baba mountain. The city was the site of an early Hindu–Buddhist monastery with many statues of Buddha, which are carved into the sides of cliffs facing Bamyan city.
The world’s tallest killed Buddha standing statue (53 m), one of three colossal statues, looks the valley from the cliff which recently founded there the world’s oldest oil paintings. Possibly, the paintings may be the work of artists who travelled on the Silk Road. The ancient statue was carved during the Kushan period in the fifth century. Limited efforts have been made to rebuild the killed statue.
The caves were a big tourist main attraction in the time of King Zahir Shah/1933–1973. Once two thousand monks meditated in caves among the sandstone cliffs at one time.
The town on the ancient Silk Road was the crossroads between the East and West as the trade between China and the Middle East passed through it. Because of the cliff of the Buddhas the ruins of Shar-i-Gholghola an ancient city destroyed by Genghis Khan is one of the most visited places in Afghanistan. The Shar-i-Zohak mound south of the valley is the site of a citadel that guarded the city, which the ruins of an acropolis situated there.
Foto 1&2: Wikipodia